From our article you can find out:
- What is dental phobia?
- Dentophobia or just anxiety?
- Symptoms and consequences
- Possible causes of dental phobia
- How can dental phobia be treated?
What is dental phobia?
It is not an exaggeration to say that most people are reluctant when it comes to visiting a dentist. Although fear from a dental visit is particularly true in the case of children, many adults are anxious or even horrified when entering the dentistâs as well. The fear or anxiety caused by a dental visit or intervention is referred to as âdental phobiaâ or âdentophobiaâ by medical terminology, depending on the level of distress.
Dentophobia or just anxiety?
Fear from a dental visit does not necessarily mean that the patient is suffering from dental phobia; whether or not we are dealing with a phobia may depend on several factors. For instance, many people only feel stressed about a dental visit if an actual intervention is about to take place, as it often involves a certain level of pain depending on the type of the problem. Others, however, might be terrified by the thought of routine treatment itself; they feel great distress even during routine treatment. For this type of patients we can use the term dental phobia.
Children of course are generally afraid when going to the dentistâs, especially during their first occasion, as they are not sure what to expect. A certain number of children may actually have dental phobia, but unless their anxiety results in serious symptoms, they do not necessarily have phobic anxiety.
Symptoms and consequences
Fear from a dental visit or intervention might result in several symptoms. For example, patients might start sweating or shaking in the waiting room, or even feel sick or nauseous. Whether it is dental phobia we are dealing with depends on how serious these symptoms are; while sweating can be caused by anxiety, nausea indicates that the level of distress is much more serious. In extremes cases patients might even experience panic attacks, though the occurrence of such cases is less frequent.
Dentophobia is regarded as a common problem in medical science; still, it can have more severe consequences in the long term. People suffering from dental phobia tend to visit the dentist only when their condition has already worsened, and they are more likely to have gum diseases or dental plaque as a result; they may even have to deal with heart problems after a certain period of time.
As dental treatment can be very costly, the financial side of the problem must also be considered. Should patients procrastinate too long, further treatment or interventions may be necessary. Root canal treatment and installing a dental crown, for instance, both entail high costs, justifying the need for patients to overcome their distress and seek medical care.
Possible causes of dental phobia
Inconvenience and pain that a dental visit or intervention may involve are often the main cause for someone to develop dental fear or phobia, though these are not the only potential factors. Many patients tend to feel ashamed or embarrassed during treatment, as the dentist is examining their oral cavity which is, without doubt, an intimate part of the human body. This embarrassment can become even more serious when the patient has damaged or discoloured teeth or bad breath as a result of the condition of their teeth. Some patients might feel distressed by the doctorâs presence itself; the dentist is only inches away from their face during treatment which can make them really nervous.
Beside the pain and the shame patients may have to face during dental treatment, a negative experience, or certain psychic problems like feeling of helplessness can also lead to dentophobia.
How can dental phobia be treated?
Fortunately, the difficulties caused by dentophobia can be tackled in several ways. First, it is important that the patient finds a reliable dentist to whom they can turn to without hesitation; someone who is able to establish an appropriate doctor-patient relationship. Qualified dentists may also apply special methods to ensure a calm environment; such methods include different relaxation techniques that help patients overcome their fears. Clinics may even employ psychologists who assist the dentistâs work to deal with psychic problems. In case the dentist finds medication necessary, patients suffering from dental phobia can be prescribed anaesthetics, painkillers or mild sedatives.
In case the dental phobia persists, dental treatments can be carried out under general anaesthesia. In this case, the patientÂ does not feel anyÂ discomfort or pain during the operation or treatment, and does not hear anything,Â the inner tension is released, just a good sleep remains as a memory of the dental treatment.