Even the most perfect teeth may have minor defects in shape. Disturbing interdental areas, fractures, and minor caries. Replacements by dental bonding and cosmetic bonding provide an effective and cheap solution for these problems.
In this article you can read more about the following topics:
- The method â€“ in short
- Use for cosmetic purposes
- Correction of faulty or unhealthy teeth
- Advantages and disadvantages
Dental bonding techniques and aesthetic corrections by cosmetic bonding have become prevalent techniques of dentistry, parallel to the proliferation of light-curing composites. These are transparent, light, and gypsum like materials that can be easily shaped. After some preparation, they form a close bond with the natural material of teeth. They can be hardened rapidly by using ultraviolet or laser light. These materials and the dental bonding technique that is used to fix them have several advantages. Both patients and dentists commonly enjoy the benefits during the treatments.
The method in short
The advantage of the treatment is that it requires only a minimal amount of the healthy toothâ€™s material or the enamel. As a result, the intervention can be performed without anaesthesia. Except when it is used for filling a deeply carious tooth, or the border of the fracture is too close to the inner layers of the tooth. The procedure can be clearly explained to everyone as follows:
- The dentist cleans the surface of the tooth, and then uses a slightly acidic material to roughen it. Further materials are used in order to help the composite bond and adhere to the tooth.
- Step two is using the composite in the desired place, after which the material is shaped. The dentist uses a brush or manual tools for shaping.
- Step three is using ultraviolet or laser light to light the composite, which is set within few minutes.
- Step four involves gently shaping the hardened replacement, and smoothing any unevenness.
Use for cosmetic purposes
Dental bonding techniques based on a composite are frequently used for cosmetic treatments. This method is used for closing too large interdental areas, shaping teeth, and improving the appearance of stained teeth. Furthermore, it is often used for correcting the broken, bounced edge of teeth. Generally it is recommended for minor corrections. It is important to have enough of the original dental material, to which the composite replacement could bond. Another reason to emphasize the importance of minor corrections is that the force of dental bonding is not as great as the strength of layers or crowns. For this reason, it is used on dental surfaces where no major masticatory force is present. The patient can eat or drink anything following this treatment of the tooth. However, the patient must not bite hard materials or put too much tension on the composite replacement.
It is also worth briefly mentioning how dental bonding restores the mental balance of patients. Surveys have revealed that people who have high aesthetic consciousness are distracted by the imperfect smile caused by their faulty teeth. That could be for example a tooth of a dissimilar shape, or a too large interdental area between the incisors, which can be seen while smiling or talking. The patients can regain their peace of mind when a cosmetic dentist solves such problems. The dental bonding technique discussed here is an excellent tool for this purpose.
Note that this procedure cannot always be the solution. It is the duty of the dentist to decide whether dental bonding or some kind of other treatment should be recommended for the patient. Layers or crowns could be an alternative. However, the latter are made in dental laboratories. It takes more time to produce these, and the patient needs to see a dentist on more occasions.
Correction of faulty or unhealthy teeth
Dental bonding based on a composite can be perfectly used for curing minor cavities as well.
It could be an alternative to dental amalgams that are rarely used nowadays, and in certain cases it could be a replacement of these.
Advantages and disadvantages of dental bonding
Like any other procedure, dental bonding has its own advantages and minor disadvantages. The advantage is that it is relatively inexpensive, and it can be made easily and in a short period of time. The dentist may individually perform the whole procedure, no assistance of a dental technician is necessary in the process. It is an effective tool for the corrections of minor faults. It also spares the material of teeth. It can even be used without dental anaesthesia .
If implemented correctly, its disadvantages could hardly be recognised, but they do exist. The composite material cannot withstand staining and discolouration as effectively as the materials of layers and crowns. Its hardness and persistence is not as great as that of crowns, layers or inlays. For this reason, careful consideration, estimation and good professional knowledge are necessary for its successful implementation.